The Magna Carta of Women (Republic Act No. 9710) defines Gender and Development Program (GAD) as the development perspective and process that is participatory and empowering, equitable, sustainable, free from violence, respectful of human rights, supportive of self-determination and actualization of human potentials. It seeks to achieve gender equality as a fundamental value that should be reflected in development choices and contends that women are active agents of development, not just passive recipients of development.

GAD focuses on Gender Mainstreaming or a strategy for:

  • Making women’s as well as men’s concerns and experiences an integral dimension of the design, implementation, monitoring, and evaluation of policies, programs and projects in all social, political, civil, and economic spheres so that women and men benefit equally.
  • Assessing the implications for women and men of any planned action, including legislation, policies or programs in all areas and at all levels


Executive Order No. 273 – Approving and Adopting the Philippine Plan for Gender-Responsive Development (PPGD) 1995-2025

Executive Order (EO) 273, issued on September 9, 1995 and signed by President Fidel V. Ramos, adopted the Philippine Plan for Gender Responsive Development IPPGD) 1995-2025. The PPGD 1995-2025 is a 30 year perspective plan that outlines the policies, strategies, programs and projects that the government must adopt to enable women to participate in and benefit from national development while EO 273 directs all government agencies, departments, bureaus, offices and instrumentalities, including government owned and controlled corporations, at the national level, sub-national and local levels to:

  1. To take appropriate steps to ensure the full implementation of the policies/strategies and progrms/projects outlined in the Plan;

  2. To institutionalize Gender and Development (GAD) efforts in government by incorporaing GAD concens, as spelled out in the Plan, in their planning, programming and budgetting processes, but specifically to:
    1. Include/incorporate GAD concerns in the :
      1. formulation, assessment and updating of their annual agency plans;
      2. formulation, assessment and updating of their inputs to the medium/long-term develipment plans, and
      3. preparation of their inputs to sectoral performance assessment reports, public investment plans and other similar documents.
    2. Incorporate and reflect GAD concerns in their:
      1. agency performance commitments contracts indicating key result areas for GAD as well as in their annual performance report to the President, and
      2. annual Agency Budget Proposals and work and financial plans

Republic Act No. 8760 – General Appropriations Act (GAA) On Programs/Projects Related to Gender and Development (GAD)

Section 27:
“All concerned government entities shall submit their GAD plan to the National Commission on Women for review. They shall likewise submit annual reports to Congress, the Department of Budget and Management (DBM), National Commission on Women (NCW), indicating the accomplishments and amounts utilized to implement programs/projects/activities addressing gendere issues and women empowerment. The evaluaton of agencies utilization of the GAD budget shall be performance based.”

Republic Act No. 9710 – An Act Providing for the Magna Carta of Women

Section 36: Gender Mainstreaming as a Strategy for Implementing the Magna Carta of Women
“All government departments, including their attached agencies, offices, bureaus, state universities and colleges, government owned and controlled coporations, local government units and all other government instrumentalities shall adopt gender mainstreaming as a strategy to promote women’s human rights and eliminate gender discrimination in their systems, structures, policies, programs, processes and procedures.

Section 36-B: Creation and/or Strengthening of the GAD Focal Points (GFP)
“All concerned government agencies and instrumentalities mentioned above shall establish or strengthen their GAD Focal Point System (GFPS) or a similar GAD mechanism to catalyze and accelerate gender mainstreaming within the agency.”

In addition to Joint Circular 99-4 issued by the National Economic and Development Authority (NEDA), the DBM and NCRFW, additional sets of guidelines, as deemed necessary, shall be formulated, for the implementation of GAD-related programs/projects/activities.